Assessment of some physical and chemical properties of the groundwater and its suitability for drinking and irrigation for the wells of Um Anij farms in Al-Zubair district

  • Buthainah Mahdi Younus Marine Sciences Center - university of Basrah
Keywords: Ground water, nutrient salts, physical and chemical properties

Abstract

  The current study was conducted on 7 wells selected in the district of Al-Zubayr from Umm Anij farms to show some physical and chemical properties and the concentrations of nutritious salts of nitrate, nitrite, phosphates and silica in ground water. The results obtained for groundwater temperatures were almost equal between wells, with rates ranging between 22- 24 Cͦ. For chloride ion, the highest rate was in well (W7), reaching to 6812 mg / l , and the lowest rate in well (W5), which was 2599 mg / l. As for electrical conductivity, the highest rate was found in the well (W7 )reached to  8.540 mS/ cm ,and the lowest rate in well( W5) was 4.933 mS / cm ,the highest rate of total dissolved solids was recorded in the well (W7 )8976 mg / l and the lowest rate in the well( W5) 3923 mg / l  the results showed that the highest rate of pH reached to  8.78 in (W7) well, and the lowest rate was 7.21 in well (W5), As for the turbidity, the highest rate reached to  8.790 NTU in well( W7), and the lowest was 2.303 NTU in well (W5)  proportion to the values ​​of nutrients, the nitrite values ​​ranged as the highest value was 0.932 μg / l in well (W3 ),and the lowest value was 0.094 μg / l in well (W1), and the highest concentration of nitrate reached to 28.299 μg / l in well (W3 ),and the lowest value reached to  4.959 μg / l in well (W1). As for phosphates, the highest value reached to 1.089 μg / l for well (W3) and the lowest value was 0.879 μg / l for well (W2), and the resuits  showed that the highest value of silica reached to value 72.254 μg / l in well (W3), while the lowest value was 55.700 μg / l. Well (W1) during the study period. Well water was within the permissible limits for drinking and irrigation in proportion to nitrate and nitrite values, and the concentrations of chloride ions, electrical conductivity and total dissolved solids in the study wells did not match the standard specifications of drinking and irrigation water.

References

H.R. Haddad. (1978) Ph.D. Thesis Geol. Dept. University of London 233p.

B. H. Al-Obaidi. and Salman, M. S. (2011). A study of the quality and amount of groundwater in Anbar

Governorate and its suitability for human and agricultural uses. Nahrain University Journal, Volume (14)

Issue (1), pp. 8-16

[ 3] A.M. Al- Balkh. (2016). Effect of nitrogen fertilizers on accumulation nitrate in soil, water and tomato

fruit. Damascus University Journal of Agricultural Sciences 2016- Volume (32)- Issue (1)- Pages 21-31.

F. Al-Subaie, M. Al-Eid and H. Al-Hamshari. (2016) Study of the extent of contamination of some

canned foods with elements of heavy metals, nitrates and nitrites. Final report, College of Agricultural and

Food Sciences, King Faisal University 1-21.

H. Al-Saad, M. A. Saeed and N. A. Salman. (2003). Marine Pollution, Al-Hudaydah University, Yemen.

S. Mukherjee; B.A. Kumar and L. Kortrtve lyessy. (2005). Assessment of ground water quality. South

-parganas. WestBengal Coast. India J. Environ.Hydrol.13:1

R. Jassim and B. Al-Jiburi. (2009), Geology of Iraqi Southern Desert, Stratigraphy. Iraqi Bulletin of

Geology and Mining, Special Issue 2: 53–76.

F.M. Abdulhussein. (2018). Hydro chemical Assessment of Groundwater of Dibdibba Aquifer in Al

Zubair Area, Basra, South of Iraq and its Suitability for Irrigation Purposes. Iraqi Journal of Science, 2018,

Vol. 59, No.1A, pp: 135-143

APHA (American Public Health Association). (2005). Standard methods for examination of water and

waste water ,21st Edition. Washington, DC USA.

D. L. Sparks; A. l. Page; D. A. Helmke; R. H. Loeppert; P. N. Soltanpour; M. A. Tabatabai; C. T.

Johnston and M. E. Sumner. (1996). Methods of Soil Analysis. Part 3. Chemical methods. S. S. S. of Am.,

Inc. Madison Wisconsin, USA.

APHA (American Public Health Association) (1995). Standard methods for examination of waste water,

Washington, DC 20036, 1193 P.

M.A.N. AL-Obaedy and R. Abas. (2016). Kirkuk university Journal /Scientific (KUJSS) volum 11,

Issue 2, June 2016 p.p(464-491) ISSN 1992-0849

Central Agency for Standardization and Quality Control. (1996). Iraqi standards for drinking water.

Draft for updating Iraqi standards 417.

WHO (World Health Organization) (1999). Guide line for drinking

Water quality .2 nd.ed.. 2 :940-949

US-EPA (United State - Environmental Protection Agency). (2002). Ground water

and drinking water standards: National primary drinking water regulation. 816-F:02-03.

CEOH (Committee on Environmental and Occupational Health Canada). (2003).

Journal of Education for Pure Science- University of Thi-Qar

Vol.11, No1 (June, 2021)

Website: jceps.utq.edu.iq Email: jceps@eps.utq.edu.iq

A., Z. Tahseen; R. Q. Al-Kubaisi and F. A. Firas. ( 2007). The effect of groundwater and sulfur springs

on the quality of the Euphrates water from the Syrian border to the Heet area in Anbar Governorate. Anbar

University Journal of Pure Sciences, Volume (1), Issue (1): 62--96.

WHO (World Health Organization) (1995). Guidelines for drinking – water quality .2nd, vol. 1

recommendations, Amman – Jordon, p 188.

J.D. Hem. (1991). Study and interpretation of the chemical characteristics of natural water. USGS Water

Supply. Paper no. 2254, 263p.

B.M. Younus. (2017) Study water quality and concentration of petroleum hydrocarbon and some trace

elements in groundwater of wells near south refineries in Al-Shiaba region-Basrah southern Iraq. Thesis

B.SC. Collage of Sciences University of The –Qar. 39-41p.

J.D. Hem. (1970). "Study and Interpretation of the Chemical Characteristic of Natural Water'. 2nd ed.

U. S. C. S. Water Supply. 1473 – 363p.

A. A. Mazhar. (2010). Levels of nutrient salts for samples from some wells in Basra Governorate /

Southern Iraq. Karbala University Scientific Journal, Volume (8), Issue- 4. 6-10 p .

G.E. Hutchinson. (1957). A treatise on limnology. Vol.1. Geography, Physics & Chemistry.NewYork.

S.A. Abbawi and S. M. Hassan. (1990). (Practical engineering for the environment) Al-Hikma Printing

and Publishing - Mosul, University of Mosul, p 296

F. Y. Mahmood. (1994). Physic-Chemical Evaluation of used for Drinking and Domestic Purpose. Al-

Rafidaain Engineering vol. 2(2)85-99p.

APHA (American Public Health Association) (1999). Standard Methods for the Examination of

Water and wastewater, 20th Edition A.P.H.A.1015 Fifteen Street, N.W.

Published
2021-06-10
Section
Articles